IEI Newsletter No. 2, July 2004

1 de julho de 2004

International Energy Initiative Newsletter )

 Number 2 July 2004

In this issue

Dear reader,

You are receiving the second issue of the International Energy Initiative-IEI Newsletter. Our President, Eric Larson, writes our Editorial this time and shares his view about the recent changes at IEI. This second issue also brings to you some activities and publications IEI is involved in. We hope you enjoy it.

Gilberto M. Jannuzzi, Executive-Director, International Energy Initiative

Editorial

Since being launched in 1992, the International Energy Initiative (IEI) has grown into a highly-capable and effective international organization dedicated to addressing energy problems of developing countries through a variety south-south-north collaborative activities. The IEI's non-governmental public-interest mission, its global network of regional offices (REIs), its internationally-recognized and geographically-diverse Board of Directors, and its widely-recognized journal, Energy for Sustainable Development, give it a unique position and uniquely-effective capabilities among the many good organizations that are working worldwide to help solve energy-related problems in developing countries. In this context I was honored to be asked by the Board of Directors to serve a one-year term as President of IEI beginning in February 2004. Professor Anton Eberhard, President of IEI for the preceding three years, stepped down to pursue other commitments. All of us at IEI wish Prof. Eberhard good luck in his new endeavors, and we look forward to continuing interactions with him in the future. The Board of Directors also recognized that IEI would benefit from an Executive Director to help run its operations, and I am delighted that Professor Gilberto Jannuzzi accepted the Board's invitation to serve in this capacity. Gilberto and I have been working together closely since February to insure that IEI has the active and capable personnel, communications infrastructure, and funding support to continue to make important contributions on energy issues worldwide.

While the core activities and networks of IEI remain as vibrant as ever, IEI is also branching out in some new directions. Some of the changes this year: This newsletter has been launched; Stephen Karekezi, the distinguished Director of the African Energy Policy Research Network (AFREPREN), is the newest member of the IEI Board of Directors (as of June 2004); IEI will be devoting an increasing part of its energies to addressing the long- term challenge of establishing universal access to fuels for clean cooking in rural and peri-urban areas of developing countries. REI activities will increasingly emphasize this theme. The September 2004 issue of Energy for Sustainable Development will be devoted to papers on this topic; Energy for Sustainable Development celebrates its 10th year of publication in 2004. Special recognition of this fact is in planning; With Anton Eberhard's departure from IEI, the Cape Town REI is being closed; Opening of new REIs is being actively explored.

All-in-all, it is an exciting time to be part of IEI!

Eric Larson, President

IEI Global website

Coming soon on Energy for Sustainable Development (ESD)
IEI's highly-regarded quarterly journal, Energy for Sustainable Development (www.ieiglobal.org/esd.html), is devoting a special issue (September 2004) to reviewing current knowledge on important issues related to production and use of cleaner cooking fuels in developing countries. The invited authors are leading experts in their respective fields and their contribution will provide a solid set of background studies. A preliminary list of articles commissioned for this special issue (A Manifesto on Fuels for Clean Cooking) is presented as follow:

Health effects of cook stove emissions; Global warming impacts of cooking with direct burning of solid fuels; Safety issues with gas and liquid fuels; LPG in Brazil: lessons and challenges; UNDP's LPG Challenge Program; Pilot experience with cooking with DME in China; Policy analysis of DME for cooking in China; Assessment of the China improved stoves program; Lessons for clean fuels implementation in rural areas based on India s biogas experience; Health benefits of interventions to reduce indoor air pollution from solid fuel use; Use of LPG for cooking in India; Ethanol gel as a cooking fuel; The future of LPG supplies.

 

 

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Energy for Sustainable Development: A Policy Agenda
In 2002, two IEI Board Members, Prof. Thomas Johanssen and Prof. José Goldemberg, collaborated with UNDP (The United Nations Development Programme) on the book "Energy for Sustainable Development: A Policy Agenda". It is a follow up on the 2000 report "World Energy Assessment: Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability" (WEA), a comprehensive analysis of available energy resources and technological options to support sustainable development to which more than 100 scientists and development experts contributed.

Another purpose of "Energy for Sustainable Development: A Policy Agenda" is to offer informed guidance on how to shape public policy so that it accelerates the growth of energy systems that support sustainable development.

 

 

To download the publication, click here » Top

Biomass Gasification Technologies in Brazil and other Countries
This is a project of comparison between the biomass gasification technologies existing in Brazil and in other countries and formation of human resources in the Brazilian northern region. The central objective of the project is to develop a sustainable alternative to meet the growing demand for electrical energy in the isolated communities of the Northern Region of Brazil. The project develops the biomass gasification technology for electricity generation and evaluates the viability of the technology in Brazil.

Financially supported by International Energy Initiative's Latin American office, Biomass Users Network of Brazil (BUN) and Fund for Studies and Projects on Energy Sector (FINEP-CTENERG) of the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology, the project is being executed by CENBIO (National Reference Center in Biomass).

IEI supported a trainning programme to local users in the Amazon region and is supporting a one-day seminar where the project results will be presented. The event is being organised by CENBIO.

 

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Integrated Resource Planning for the Power Sector
The article "Integrated resource planning (IRP) and power sector reform in developing countries", written by Antonette D'Sa, the Asian Regional Energy Initiative (REI) director, has been accepted for publication in the 2004 Energy Policy journal.

The integrated resource planning approach is one that considers both supply and demand-side options to meeting the need for a resource, while minimising the costs accruing to the firm and to society. IRP can be used as a tool to address the existing problems, particularly as reforms are taking place in developing countries. However, the advantages that IRP would afford have to be juxtaposed with the barriers to such a planning process – those encountered in the past as well as the possibilities in view of structural changes. Most importantly, one should consider the policies that would enable the IRP approach to be usefully employed. Although IRP has receded in importance in some areas of the world, there are perceptible benefits for developing countries; these could adopt such planning methods through the agents and the instruments suggested.

IEI's Latin American office is preparing a short online introductory course on IRP. The course will make use of e-learning methods and will be first tested on a pilot- scale during november-december/2004.

 

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Coffee effluent treatment-cum-electricity generation
The integration of environmentally benign waste disposal with power generation and industrial processing has obvious benefits for the surrounding environment. Technologies for the anaerobic digestion of waste from coffee processing have been in existence. The option of using a bioreactor permits biogas to be generated; this can then be used for other energy services, thereby yielding positive returns to the investor. Given the importance of coffee production to the South-Indian economy, it was considered useful to estimate the financial viability of investment in such bioreactors. An economic cost- benefit analysis of investment in such a scheme has therefore been made, based on the case of a particular estate. The effluent-discharge from the coffee- processing unit is rendered ecologically benign and water is recycled for non-potable uses. The replacement of a part of the diesel requirement with biogas for fuelling an electricity generator makes the investment financially profitable.

 

 

 

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Clean Cooking Fuels: switching household fuels in Tanzania
As an output of the "Sustainable energy solutions in North and South" partnership, an analysis on clean cooking fuels is being prepared by an exchange student from Tanzania. The work involves studies on international experience on household cooking fuel inter- substitution and development of alternative means to improve the household cooking through clean fuels and energy efficiency in Tanzania and Brazil.

The project "Sustainable energy solutions in North and South" is a partnership between International Energy Initiative (IEI), Tanzania Traditional Energy Development and Environment Organization (TaTEDO), and Sweco Grøner (Norway) whose one of the objectives is to enhance the capabilities of the involved partners and their staff through the exchange of personnel.

 

 

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R&D, Energy Efficiency and the Power Sector Reforms in Brazil
The article "Power sector reforms in Brazil and its impacts on energy efficiency and research and development activities" has been accepted for publication in the 2004 Energy Policy journal. The author is Gilberto De Martino Jannuzzi, the Latin American Regional Energy Initiative (REI) director and IEI's executive-director.

Since the mid-nineties Brazil has implemented significant changes in the country's power sector, including privatization, introduction of competition and the creation of regulatory agency. As reform started in Brazil traditional support to energy efficiency and energy research and development suffered a discontinuation, budget cuts and re- definition of roles of the public agents in charge. At the same time, new regulatory measures and the creation of a national public interest fund have helped to maintain and potentially enhance the country's effort to promote energy efficiency and investments in energy R&D. This paper analyses the impacts of these changes in the areas of energy efficiency and energy research and development and argues for an increased role of developing countries to provide solutions for a meeting energy demand requirements more suitable to their internal markets.

 

 

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